Guidance on Animal Welfare Act 2006 for Police


The Animal Welfare Act 2006 (AWA 2006) is a crucial piece of legislation in the United Kingdom aimed at ensuring the welfare of animals. As a police officer, understanding the AWA 2006 is essential for effectively enforcing animal welfare laws and protecting animals from harm. This guide will provide an overview of the Act, key responsibilities, and practical steps for police officers.

Overview of the Animal Welfare Act 2006

The AWA 2006 consolidates and modernises animal welfare legislation, making it more comprehensive and accessible. The Act primarily focuses on the prevention of harm and the promotion of welfare for animals, particularly domesticated animals under human control.

Key Sections of the Act

  1. Duty of Care (Section 9)
    • Owners and keepers of animals must ensure they meet the welfare needs of their animals. This includes:
      • Providing a suitable environment.
      • Ensuring a suitable diet.
      • Allowing the animal to exhibit normal behaviour patterns.
      • Housing the animal with, or apart from, other animals.
      • Protecting the animal from pain, suffering, injury, and disease.
  2. Unnecessary Suffering (Section 4)
    • It is an offence to cause an animal to suffer unnecessarily. This includes both physical and mental suffering.
  3. Mutilation (Section 5)
    • The act prohibits the mutilation of animals, which includes procedures like ear cropping and tail docking (except under specific conditions for veterinary treatment).
  4. Poisoning (Section 7)
    • It is illegal to administer, or allow to be administered, any poisonous substance to an animal.
  5. Fighting (Section 8)
    • Organising or participating in animal fights, including training animals for fighting, is strictly prohibited.

Responsibilities of the Police

Enforcement Powers

  1. Inspect and Seize (Section 18)
    • Police officers have the authority to enter premises (excluding private dwellings without a warrant) to inspect animals and seize them if they are suffering or likely to suffer if their circumstances do not change.
  2. Arrest
    • Officers can arrest individuals suspected of offences under the Act, especially in cases of unnecessary suffering or organised animal fighting.
  3. Prosecution
    • The police play a key role in gathering evidence and working with the Crown Prosecution Service (CPS) to bring offenders to justice.

Collaboration with Other Agencies

Practical Steps for Police Officers

  1. Responding to Reports
    • Take all reports of animal cruelty seriously. Record detailed statements from witnesses and gather as much evidence as possible.
  2. Gathering Evidence
    • Document the condition of the animal, the environment, and any other relevant factors. Photographs and video recordings are invaluable.
    • Ensure veterinary professionals examine animals when necessary to provide expert evidence on their condition.
  3. Executing Warrants
    • When necessary, obtain and execute warrants to enter premises where animal welfare offences are suspected. Ensure all actions are conducted lawfully and respectfully.
  4. Handling Seized Animals
    • Arrange for the appropriate care of seized animals, ensuring they are housed in suitable facilities where their welfare needs can be met. We may be able to assist Police Officers in housing seized animals for welfare purposes. Please contact the AWIP Duty Line on 0117 471 3266.
  5. Prosecution and Follow-Up
    • Work closely with the CPS to ensure that cases are prosecuted effectively. Follow up on cases to ensure that justice is served and that any court orders regarding the welfare of the animals are enforced.


The Animal Welfare Act 2006 provides a robust framework for protecting animals and promoting their welfare. As a police officer, your role in enforcing this legislation is crucial. By understanding your responsibilities and following best practices, you can help ensure that animals are treated with the care and respect they deserve.